Monday, May 25, 2020

Deudas, mal crédito, bancarrota y efectos migratorios

Al iniciar un trà ¡mite migratorio como, por ejemplo, una peticià ³n de familiar o naturalizacià ³n para obtener la ciudadanà ­a americana es comà ºn preguntarse si las deudas pendientes, un mal crà ©dito o la bancarrota  pueden afectar negativamente a la solicitud. La razà ³n de esa preocupacià ³n nace, por una parte, del requisito de tener una situacià ³n situacià ³n econà ³mica saneada para solicitar ciertos beneficios migratorios, como por ejemplo la peticià ³n de cà ³nyuge, hijos, hermanos o padres y, por otro, porque cierto tipo de deudas impide que salgan adelante peticiones migratorias.   Por su importancia, en este artà ­culo se explica en quà © casos y  cà ³mo esas situaciones pueden afectar a los casos migratorios, destacando en primer lugar cuando son irrelevantes y, en segundo lugar, cuando sà ­ se tienen en cuenta a la hora de decidir si se aprueba o no una peticià ³n migratoria. Ademà ¡s, se seà ±alan quà © beneficios recibidos del gobierno se consideran carga pà ºblica y, por lo tanto, afectan negativamente y, por otro lado, cuà ¡les se pueden recibir sin problemas porque no tienen consecuencias migratorias. Casos en los que las deudas y mal crà ©dito no tienen consecuencias migratorias Si se tiene una deuda por no pagar, por ejemplo, a la compaà ±Ãƒ ­a de telà ©fono, una deuda privada, la factura de un mà ©dico, etc, no tiene generalmente efectos ni consulares ni migratorios negativas. Es decir, no afecta a lo que se resuelve con respecto a la peticià ³n. Y ello es asà ­ porque se considera que son asuntos civiles. Lo mismo sucede con el mal crà ©dito. En el caso de peticiones para un familiar de la tarjeta de residencia permanente, tambià ©n conocida como  green card,  lo que importa es que el solicitante tenga ingresos y/o patrimonio  suficientes y demostrables para cubrir las obligaciones del affidavit of support, tambià ©n conocido como declaracià ³n de sostenimiento. Si tiene mal crà ©dito o deuda pendiente, es irrelevante. Casos en los que las malas finanzas sà ­ tienen efectos migratorios Cuando la deuda se convierte en un asunto penal, como por ejemplo, en una estafa u otros semejantes entonces sà ­ que tiene efectos migratorios y puede ser causa para que nieguen visas, peticiones de residencia permanente o de ciudadanà ­a por naturalizacià ³n. Tambià ©n puede ser una causa para que se impida en el control de paso migratorio  el ingreso a Estados Unidos de un extranjero. Si la deuda es con la Hacienda de Estados Unidos (IRS), tambià ©n es un problema que hay que resolver antes de iniciar los trà ¡mites con inmigracià ³n o los consulados. Si la deuda es mà ©dica y el importe de la factura lo pagà ³ Medicaid, tambià ©n puede ser muy problemà ¡tico si se considera que fue un caso de carga pà ºblica. Por ejemplo, si una mujer extranjera tiene a un bebà © en Estados Unidos y no paga por el parto y luego se regresa a su paà ­s, tanto esa mamà ¡ como el papà ¡ el bebà © pueden perder la visa de turista. Con el agravante de que no hay forma de salirse de este problema en concreto. Si se trata de una deuda por no pagar pensià ³n alimenticia (child support), segà ºn las circunstancias del caso puede tener como consecuencia que no se pueden obtener visas americanas, ni la residencia permanente y la ciudadanà ­a por naturalizacià ³n. Y, en casos extremos, puede dar lugar incluso a la deportacià ³n. Incluso, dependiendo del monto de la deuda, los ciudadanos americanos pueden encontrase con que no pueden sacar el pasaporte y, por lo tanto, no pueden viajar internacionalmente. Destacar que el child support puede ser solicitado no sà ³lo para nià ±os que viven en Estados Unidos sino tambià ©n en el caso de residir en otros paà ­ses cuando tienen a al menos el padre o la madre viviendo en Estados Unidos. En estos casos, tener en cuenta que  la Embajada americana en el paà ­s de residencia del menor no puede ayudar en estos casos. La razà ³n es que este es un tema de los estados,  no del gobierno federal. Algunos paà ­ses, como  Mà ©xico, tienen firmados acuerdos de reclamo de pensià ³n alimenticia con varios estados.  En los casos en los que no hay tales acuerdos y se desea exigir el pago de dicha pensià ³n, contactar con la agencia de  child support  del estado en el que vive el papà ¡ o la mamà ¡. O contratar a un  abogado en dicho estado. Ademà ¡s, tener en cuenta que el tener un papà ¡ que es estadounidense  no da automà ¡ticamente derecho a adquirir la ciudadanà ­a americana  cuando se nace fuera de los Estados Unidos. Ademà ¡s  que en el caso de reclamar pensiones de alimentos en el caso de nià ±os nacidos fuera de matrimonio primero es necesario  establecer legalmente la filiacià ³n. Quà © beneficios son considerados como una carga pà ºblica Uno de los requisitos legales para ser admisible a los Estados Unidos es no ser considerado una carga pà ºblica. Y es que por esta causa se pueden negar un amplio abanico de peticiones o solicitudes migratorias como, por ejemplo, una  visa no inmigrante o una visa inmigrante o el ajuste de Estatus o para adquirir la ciudadanà ­a por naturalizacià ³n. Se considera que es una carga pà ºblica haber recibido del gobierno beneficios monetarios como, por ejemplo, el Suplemento de Ingresos de Seguridad (SSI, por sus siglas en inglà ©s), o Asistencia Temporal a Familias en Necesidad  (TANF, por sus siglas en inglà ©s). Destacar que estos beneficios pueden recibir otros nombres dependiendo del estado. Por ejemplo,   en California al programa TANF se le conoce como CalWorks. Finalmente, tener en cuenta que la regla general sobre los efectos migratorios de recibir beneficios considerados como carga pà ºblica tiene importantes excepciones. Por ejemplo, asilados y refugiados pueden recibir TANF y SSI sin problemas. Quà © beneficios no se consideran carga pà ºblica Se puede recibir del gobierno sin problemas WIC para infantes y embarazadas, cupones o estampillas de alimentos, que en California reciben el nombre de Calfresh. Asimismo, se puede aceptar ayuda a la vivienda o para guarderà ­as, Headstar o Medicaid para menores. En otras palabras, recibir este tipo de  beneficios no perjudica a peticiones o solicitudes migratorias que se realicen despuà ©s. Quà © hacer si se tiene una deuda con posibles consecuencias migratorias Si se tienen dudas sobre si una deuda puede afectar negativamente a una peticià ³n migratoria, antes de presentarla es recomendable contactar con un abogado de buena reputacià ³n o con una organizacià ³n de apoyo legal a migrantes para determinar si realmente tiene impacto migratorio y, en caso afirmativo, decidir quà © pasos tomar.   Generalmente en estos casos, lo mà ¡s recomendable es contactar con la agencia encargada del cobro de la deuda (collection agency  en inglà ©s) e intentar llegar a un acuerdo sobre la cantidad a pagar y los plazos para hacerlo. Este es un artà ­culo informativo. No es asesorà ­a legal.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The American Dream - 996 Words

My definition of American Dream If we ask most Americans what is the American Dream? the common answers are to become successful, rich, owning houses, cars and etc. In other countries, many people see America as a land of opportunities for a better life and that is the reason why they come here. Every individual who come to America have their goals or dreams that they want to fulfill in life that they can not fulfill in their own country. In another word, their American dream are to have better life for themselves and their children, better education, more rights, and freedoms. For instance, my parents came to America so we could have a better life and better education that we could not have in our country. That was their definition of†¦show more content†¦To sum up, these are the reasons why having a better education and being well educated is one of my definitions of American dreams. Having the rights and freedoms of American citizens is another one of my definitions of the American dream. In America, to be able to express oneself and their opinion, vote and have freedom of religion is a great privilege. For example, in my countries, people could not even express themselves or their opinion about the government. It does not matter if they like the government or not because they were not given a choice. They can not even choose who is going to be the leader of their government because they did not have the right. Also, they must worshipped what the government wanted them to worship because they did not have the freedom of religion. In another word, the government has all the power, and whoever go against it could end up with terrible consequences. In summary, these are the reasons why having the rights and freedoms of an American citizen is my meaning of the American dream. To be successful is the biggest definition of the American dream. For me, to be successful is to be able to have and own a nice house and a nice car, have a good paying job that I like and have a happy family. For example, when my family first moved in America, we were so poor that we did not have a car. My dad only has one bicycle that he went to work with in every season,Show MoreRelatedImmigrants And The American Dream1362 Words   |  6 PagesImmigrants and the American Dream In the article â€Å"The American Dream†, by James Truslow Adams in The Sundance Reader book, he stated that the American dream is that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement. It is a difficult dream for the European upper classes to interpret adequately, and too many of us ourselves have grown weary and mistrustful of it. It is not a dream of motor cars and highRead MoreThe American Dream By Kimberly Amadeo1637 Words   |  7 PagesNowadays, a large number of people migrate to the United States to work and achieve the American Dream. According to the Article â€Å"What is the American Dream?† by Kimberly Amadeo, â€Å"The American Dream was first publicly defined in 1931 by James Truslow Adams in Epic of America. Adam’s often-repeated quote is, ‘The American Dream is that dream of land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyon e, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.’† There are many peopleRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie The American Dream 754 Words   |  4 Pages Nyreel Powell Ms. Jones American Literature 1 June 2015 The American dream in A Raisin in the Sun Have you ever had a dream and it didn’t come how you wanted it to be? Have you ever had accomplishments that you wanted to achieve but people were getting in the way of them? The four main characters in this book all have good dreams but there are people in the way of getting to those dreams or their dream is too high to accomplish. A Raisin in the Sun a play written by Lorraine Hansberry, andRead MoreSister Carrie and the American Dream1618 Words   |  7 PagesThe American Dream is surely based on the concept of â€Å"Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness† but it is above all, a matter of ambition. James Truslow Adams, an American writer and historian, in 1931 states: life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement†, which not only points towards a better standard of living for Americans but also denounces a degree of greed in the US society. Ambition not only â€Å"killed the catâ₠¬  butRead MoreGrapes Of Wrath And The American Dream1644 Words   |  7 PagesThe idea of the American Dream is ever changing depending on the person and the time of life that person is in. Although the main ideas of the American Dream remain the same to be educated, economically sound, healthy, to have a family, and equal rights. Many great films and works of literature were created to show case all the different ideas people have for their American Dream. The film â€Å"Grapes of Wrath† directed by John Ford and the poem â€Å"I Will Fight No More Forever† by Chief Joseph, both depictRead More Destruction of the American Dream Essay2145 Words   |  9 PagesDestruction of the American Dream I’ve talked about it in the past, the destruction of the American Dream. Always, there have been papers, writings, and thoughts that quantify a particular section of its ultimate demise, be it due to money, education, or sexuality. Maybe the destruction cannot be viewed as a singular event or cause. Perhaps instead it must be examined as a whole process, the decay and ultimate elimination of a dream. Self destruction, if you will†¦ Mr. Self Destruct Read MoreSuccess As One Of The American Dream1137 Words   |  5 PagesApril 2015 Success as One of The American Dream When we hear the word â€Å"success†, we often think of wealth and money. To some people, the embodiment of being success is earning a lot of money. In fact, the concept of success is primarily based on how much money a person earns. However, each person views the definition of success differently. One way to define success is something that has more to do with flash than it does with substance. John Wooden, an American basketball player and coach viewRead MoreJim Cullen And The American Dream2081 Words   |  9 Pages The American Dream, as defined by Cullen, is starting your goal off with a little and ending with more; it s like a business, you invest in it in order to gain more money. Usually, people will define the American Dream as being able to achieve your goal because everyone is offered opportunities. Cullen does acknowledge that people are born with different opportunities, so he talks about the good life. The good life describes different factors that determine your opportunities. Throughout the otherRead MoreFactors Influencing The American Dream1834 Words   |  8 Pagesindividual to succumb or to not succumb to the seductions of crime. These three factors are brilliantly portrayed in the television show, Breaking Bad and the novel, The Stick Up Kids. The American Dream is what many American citizens strive for. However, not all of those citizens are able to achieve the American Dream through a legal pathway. The reason an indivudal may not being able to do so is because of his or her background factors. It is important to note that background factors are a fractionRead MoreShark Tank And The American Dream1755 Words   |  8 PagesShark Tank and The American Dream The TV show Shark tank embodies everything the American dream represents. The show obtains successful Entrepreneurs ready to invest their own money into other Americans wanting to be just like them, reaching the American dream and become a successful entrepreneur. The show presents entrepreneurs working towards the goal of creating a business to not only gain wealth but also change the way we live today. The show is to keep the American dream alive and well while

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Factors and Key Players in the American Revolution

Rise to Rebellion The road to independence was a struggle for the American colonists. It marked not only the end of a tyrannical rule by King George, but also the creation of a world power. This voyage to democracy began in Boston, Massachusetts in 1770, after Captain Thomas Preston was accused of commanding his troops to fire on a mob of rioting civilians led by the rebel group the Sons of Liberty. This event, known as the Boston Massacre started one of the greatest uprisings in history. Preston sought out John Adams as his lawyer. Revolutionaries like Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and General Thomas Gage all possessed certain qualities that paved the way for what American independence. At first, the disorganized colonies lead†¦show more content†¦In 1774 when the continental congress met for the first time this unifying factor was made known to prominent leaders from the thirteen colonies. These men would later use this one simple word, liberty, to craft what we n ow know as the United States of America. â€Å"As the boundaries between them fell, the people began to understand what Lord North and King George did not; there was a reason to become united. The alarm had been sounded. They had a cause,† (Shaara pg 188) A few key men played increasingly important roles in this unification as the revolution progressed. Benjamin Franklin was a thinker; he came up with numerous ideas and inventions to enhance the lives of the people he served. One encounter that showed his true character was when Franklin received a letter from the People’s Assembly of Massachusetts to be their agent and represent them to the king. When Franklin accepts this offer, he goes to Lord Hillsborough for his appointment and Hillsborough basically said that the letter was wrong. Being a representative of the colonies was Franklin’s way of voicing his thoughts but it would have also brought him closer to the king. Franklin knew that there was a decision he had to make. In order to support the c olonies he had to risk his own repulation to make an impact and fight for freedom. He and the other founding fathers were willing to sacrifice everything and ultimately created the world’s greatestShow MoreRelatedMid-term Paper1226 Words   |  5 PagesThis editorial piece critically describes the purpose, approach and findings of the report. It then focuses on the details of three aspects; weak Canadian business research and development, the firm-centric model in an innovation ecosystem and the key trends that will drive sciences and technology policy in and business innovation the future. Finally it will assess the proposed recommendations as compared to what science and technology theory has suggested. The main purpose of the study was explainingRead MoreWal Mart : A Retail Conglomerate1271 Words   |  6 Pagesperformance were headed in opposite directions. Furthermore, there are a number of other factors, such as economic, technological, and socio-cultural, that contribute to the revolution of pricing, demand, and even how products are manufactured. For example, interest rates affect economic factors, Wal-Mart’s low prices contribute to its social factors, and value chin distribution to enhance their technological factors. Serving nearly 176 million consumers every year and employing over 1.2 million U.S employeesRead MoreEssay about Death of the American Dream1042 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Death of the American Dream Flashback to the stigma of anti-Communism in the 1950s, communism places extreme emphasis on class divisions, specifically the unfair nature of the upper class’ domination of the working class. To admit class divisions was to invite revolution and socialism. So instead, we told ourselves that, in this country, class did not exist; that a free-market capitalist society permits anyone who wants to improve his socioeconomic status to do so. In his essay Class in America:Read MoreThe Commercialisation, Professionalization And Equity Of Sport1714 Words   |  7 Pagesreligion, health, social status, gender and home nation. Sport is a universal platform for happiness, revenue and success. Even though sport has made the leap from just love and passion, to revenue and business, sport has never been without its business factors â€Å"Business sport have never been entirely unconnected in Britain† (Mason, 19888, cited in Horne, 2006: 20). For example, sport can attract audienc e but also sell their goods via the viewing platform. More specifically a great example of this wouldRead MoreCub A Very Amazing Country With An Interesting Culture And History943 Words   |  4 PagesCuba, he actually thought he was in India. 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In the past Apple was a pioneer in PC technology before losing out to the Microsoft and IBM driven PC industryRead MoreThe Conflict Between Aztecs And Incas1745 Words   |  7 Pagestaught that the â€Å"real order† was established after the colonization, we have to understand that there already existed a consolidated power and order in the region, which in fact, it was a key factor for the widespread of Spanish power. As Charles Jones established in his article Hierarchy and Resistance in American State-Systems the dispute between Aztecs and Incas to maintain status and consolidate the concentration of power in the continent allowed the formalization of alliances and with the SpanishRead MoreApple s Vision : Apple Inc.935 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, online services, and personal computers. It was established on Apr 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne. Its best-known hardware products are the Mac line of computers, the iPod media player, the iPhone smartphone, and the iPad tablet computer. Its online services include iCloud, iTunes Store, and AppRead MoreLabor Unions Essay1471 Words   |  6 Pagesprospective on the need for unions during the industrial revolution. Both sides of the argument can usually agree that working conditions were unsafe and compensation was unjust in the early history of labor unions. Many works of scholarly writing provides evidence of the need for unionization in the mid-19th century in America. The basis of today’s opposition’s argument is that unions have outgrown their usefulness and can be harmful to American businesses and the economy as a whole. The opposition’sRead MoreThe Characteristics of the Nation-State and Transnational Entities1343 Words   |  6 Pagesorganized government, territory, and population. Self-rule implies that nation-states rule themselves. They are free and not colonies of some other country. For example, the U.S. was a colony of Great Britain until the American Revolution. As a consequence of the American Revolution, the United States formed a nation-state. Organized government is the manner in which nation-states rule themselves. For example, the government of the U.S. is organized into three branches: executive, legislative, and

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Embrace and Change the Future free essay sample

As Robert F. Kennedy perfectly stated â€Å"The victims of the violence are black and white, rich and poor, young and old, famous and unknown. They are, most important of all, human beings whom other human beings loved and needed. † Throughout Mr. Kennedy’s speech â€Å"Mindless Menace of Violence† he used the logos appeal and the rhetorical strategy of prognostication to get the crowd to see the importance of going home after breaking the news of MLK death. The logos appeal, was used perfectly to show the crowd that relations to MLK death weren’t what he would’ve wanted; for he was a man of peace and to respond in violence was against everything MLK stood for. As Mr. Kennedy expressed through his quote â€Å"No wrongs have ever been righted by riots and civil disorders. A sniper is only a coward, not a hero; and an uncontrolled, uncontrollable mob is only the voice of madness, not the voice of reason. We will write a custom essay sample on Embrace and Change the Future or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He needed them to go home or all the work that he and MLK had put in to get them the civil rights they fought for, would be destroyed as the picture that they portrayed was one of being a savage mob. â€Å"Some look for scapegoats, others look for conspiracies, but this much is clear: violence breeds violence, repression brings retaliation, and only a cleansing of our whole society can remove this sickness from our soul. † This is another statement Robert F. Kennedy made that day, in which he expressed the basis of the whole civil rights movement. That if they wanted to go out and strike back at the white community there would only be violence for their actions. â€Å"For whatever one sows, that will he also reap. † Galatians 6:7, this is a prime example of what Robert F. Kennedy wanted to get to the people through prognostication. Prognostication-the action of foretelling or prophesying possible future outcomes, the comment he made â€Å"We must admit in ourselves that our own childrens future cannot be built on the misfortunes of others. We must recognize that this short life can neither be ennobled nor enriched by hatred or revenge. † Was used to get through the people’s heads, that there must be a change somewhere to make the future one of justice and equality for all so why not here and now? Mr. Kennedy also included a quote in which leaves the listener in retrospect, Among free men, said Abraham Lincoln, there can be no successful appeal from the ballot to the bullet; and those who take such appeal are sure to lose their cause and pay the costs. It shows that even if you’re not show the easy way you can’t take the long road to success. Surely, this bond of common faith, this bond of common goal, can begin to teach us something. Surely, we can learn, at least, to look at those around us as fellow men, and surely we can begin to work a little harder to bind up the wounds among us and to become in our own hearts brothers and countrymen once again. These where some of the most important words of the whole speech because, look at us today the word us is so important to the whole speech because it showed then all to be united no matter the color. If they wouldn’t have taken this speech to heart we all wouldn’t be here, I bet my bottom dollar on that. For we’re together and proud to be who we are, we can look at the society filled with all ethnicities and remember it’s all do in part from Robert F Kennedys heart felt speech and the life he lived.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Environmental Economics essays

Environmental Economics essays In this essay I am going to discuss some extremely important and controversial topics to the study of environmental economics. Among the topics are wildlife preservation, the global warming debate, asteroids, dumping v.s. recycling, the decreasing numbers of fish, and mutually destructive plants. In July of 1991 a naturalist by the name of Jim Tolisano and 14 others went on an expedition in order to prove that grizzly bears still inhabit the state of Colorado. The discovery of a bear or any other evidence of their inhabitance would result in a ban of hunting and a study of the bears conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. If a shortage was found, then additional bears might have to be added from Montana or Alaska to supplement the population. Many sectors of industry would be altered if the grizzly were to be found. Logging operations would be shut down due to the possible threat to the bears habitat. This would mean thousands of acres of land would be free of logging. The tourism industry might also take a staggering blow if the proposed East Fork Ski Area near Pagosa Springs, a potentially lucrative resort, is unable to open because of these ongoing studies. Many loggers and sawmill workers are worried about their future prospects of employment if these va st amounts of forest are designated as critical habitat. Some experts have predicted that if this were to happen, the logging industry would lose billions of board feet of timber annually. This, in turn, would cost the industry as many as one hundred thousand jobs. Some economists, like Michael Copeland, executive director of the Political Economy Research Center in Bozeman, Montana, believe that some protected species serve no economic or practical application for mankind. Spoken like a true economist, Copeland says that if it doesnt have market value then why protect it? Billions of dollars have been spent to preserve species such as the Ha...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Marks And Spencers Business Strategy Assignment

Marks And Spencers Business Strategy - Assignment Example The company has a very humble beginning but it has grown significantly over time to become a leader within the business industry of its operations. The company has dominated the British market for a long time. Its dominance is attributed to the value and quality of the clothing products that it offers its customers with a view of gaining their loyalty to its products. Marketing Week, (2005, p. 9) reveals that it is through the value that Marks and Spencer has for the needs of the customers that shoppers have been obliged to desire its products as opposed to those of the competitors. With time, the company has grown and diversified its products significantly and in addition to clothing, the company provides its customers with furniture, food and loan services. This paper gives a critical discussion and analysis of the business strategy of Marks and Spencer Plc with a view of analyzing and evaluating the company’s strategy using Porters Generic Strategy Framework. Moreover, the company is assessed in terms of acceptability, feasibility and suitability toward all of its stakeholders. Analyzing Marks and Spencer’s Strategy Business Strategy In 1999, the glory that Marks and Spencer had in the market started to crumble. This was illustrated by the fall in profits. As a result of the failure that the company experienced, it has endeavored to apply the most suitable business strategy so that it would remain competitive within the market and maintain its glory. Davies (1999, p. 60) points out that Marks and Spencer adopted a Competitive Strategy Model and Value Chain so that it would recover from the previous failures and challenges and thus maintain its competitive advantage while remaining as the market leader of the industry of its operation.... Davies (1999, p. 60) points out that Marks and Spencer adopted a Competitive Strategy Model and Value Chain so that it would recover from the previous failures and challenges and thus maintain its competitive advantage while remaining as the market leader of the industry of its operation. Kenny (2009) adds that it is through the Competitive Strategy Model and Value Chain that Marks and Spencer has regained its glory which is revealed by its current success and competitiveness in the market. The SWO analysis of the company which reflects its competitiveness is presented in Appendix 1. Business Environment and Strategy Datamonitor (2007, p. 1) demonstrates that the five forces of generic Strategies as postulated by Porter have been proved to be the most effective aids for businesses in the attainment of a competitive edge within the business environment. The key areas under which Porters Generic Strategy Framework analyzes businesses the power of suppliers, the power of buyers, the thr eat of substitutes, the threat of entry and the competitive rivalry. Grundy (2005, p. 195) explains that the business environment involves various forces which determine the success of a company and these include competition and economic, social, legal and cultural forces. The ability of a company to survive the challenges which the environment presents it with is determined by the implementation of a suitable business strategy which ensures that a competitive advantage is gained and attained. Beaver (1999, p. 325) recommends a Competitive Strategy Model as a way of allowing a company to overcome the environmental forces and thus become a market leader and the most competitive business in the market. Therefore the implementation of the Competitive Strategy Model by Marks and Spencer